7 Things You Need To Know As A Beginner In Makeup! 

Section 1: Understanding Your Skin

1.1 Know Your Skin Type

  • Identifying Your Skin Type: Your journey into makeup starts with understanding your skin. Skin can be categorized mainly into four types: dry, oily, combination, and sensitive. Identifying which category your skin falls into is crucial because it influences the types of products you’ll use.
  • How Your Skin Type Affects Your Makeup Choices: Each skin type has unique needs and responds differently to makeup. For instance:
    • Dry skin may require more hydrating foundations and primers to prevent flakiness.
    • Oily skin benefits from mattifying products that control shine and prolong makeup wear.
    • Combination skin needs a balanced approach, possibly requiring different products on different areas of the face.
    • Sensitive skin requires hypoallergenic and non-irritating formulations to avoid reactions.

1.2 Preparing Your Skin for Makeup

  • The Significance of a Good Skincare Routine: Before even thinking about makeup, it’s vital to establish a good skincare routine. Healthy skin not only looks better on its own but also creates a perfect canvas for makeup application. Makeup tends to look smoother, last longer, and appear more vibrant on well-cared-for skin.
  • Basic Skincare Steps Before Applying Makeup: At the very least, your pre-makeup skincare routine should include:
    1. Cleansing: Wash your face to remove dirt, oil, and impurities. This step ensures that you’re starting with a clean slate.
    2. Toning: Balance the pH of your skin and remove any leftover impurities after cleansing.
    3. Moisturizing: Regardless of your skin type, hydration is key. It plumps up the skin, making it look youthful and reducing the appearance of pores and fine lines. For oily skin, opt for a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer.
    4. Priming: A primer can smooth out the skin’s surface, providing an even base for makeup application. It can also help makeup to adhere better and last longer.

Understanding your skin and preparing it properly lays the foundation for all the makeup techniques you’ll learn as a beginner. It’s the most critical step that can make or break your makeup look.

Section 2: Makeup Tools and Products

2.1 Essential Tools for Every Beginner

  • Brushes, Sponges, and More: What You Really Need: As a beginner, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed by the variety of makeup tools available. However, a few essentials can cover most of your needs:
    • Brushes: A set of basic brushes for foundation, blush, eyeshadow, and eyeliner application is crucial. Each has a specific shape and density to apply products evenly and blend them smoothly.
    • Sponges: Makeup sponges, especially those that are egg-shaped, are perfect for applying liquid foundation and concealer. They help achieve a seamless, airbrushed finish when used damp.
    • Eyelash Curler: An often overlooked tool, an eyelash curler can make your eyes look wider and more awake with just a few seconds of use.
    • Tweezers: For maintaining eyebrows and applying false lashes, a good pair of tweezers is indispensable.
  • How to Clean and Maintain Your Makeup Tools: Keeping your tools clean is essential for both hygiene and performance:
    • Frequency: Brushes and sponges should be cleaned regularly, depending on usage. Aim for once a week for items used daily.
    • Method: Use a gentle soap or a specialized brush cleaner and warm water to rinse out product buildup. Lay brushes flat to dry to prevent water from loosening the glue holding the bristles.

2.2 Understanding Makeup Products

  • A Guide to the Basics: Knowing the purpose and application of basic makeup products is key:
    • Foundation: Evens out skin tone and provides a base for your makeup. Available in liquid, powder, and cream forms, each catering to different skin types and coverage needs.
    • Concealer: Used to cover blemishes, dark circles, and other imperfections. It’s usually thicker than foundation and should be matched closely to your skin tone or slightly lighter for under-eye areas.
    • Eyeshadow: Adds depth and dimension to your eyes. Start with a basic palette with neutral shades for versatile looks.
    • Eyeliner and Mascara: Define and enhance the eyes. Eyeliner can be pencil, gel, or liquid, while mascara comes in various formulas to lengthen, volumize, or curl lashes.
    • Blush and Bronzer: Add color and warmth to the face, giving a healthy, sun-kissed glow.
    • Lipstick and Lip Gloss: Complete the look by adding color and texture to the lips. Begin with shades close to your natural lip color to easily enhance your look.
  • Selecting Products That Complement Your Skin Tone and Type:
    • Skin Tone: Understand whether you have a cool, warm, or neutral undertone to select foundation, concealer, and color cosmetics that look natural on you.
    • Skin Type: Choose formulas that work with your skin. For example, oily skin may benefit from oil-free, mattifying products, while dry skin may prefer hydrating formulas.

By familiarizing yourself with these tools and products, you’re setting a strong foundation for your makeup journey. Experimentation and practice are key to mastering your makeup routine.

Section 3: Application Techniques

3.1 Foundation and Concealer Application

  • Achieving a Flawless Base: Techniques and Tips:
    • Start with a primer to create a smooth canvas.
    • Use a foundation brush, sponge, or your fingers to apply foundation, starting from the center of your face and blending outward.
    • Apply concealer on blemishes, under-eye circles, and areas needing extra coverage. Blend well to avoid any lines or creases.
  • Understanding Color Correcting and Concealing:
    • Color correctors can neutralize various skin concerns: green for redness, peach/orange for dark circles, and yellow for dullness.
    • Apply color correctors before foundation, and follow up with a concealer that matches your skin tone to hide any imperfections seamlessly.

3.2 Eye Makeup Essentials

  • Mastering the Art of Eyeshadow Application:
    • Use an eyeshadow primer to enhance color payoff and longevity.
    • Start with a neutral base color over the entire eyelid. Add a darker shade in the crease for depth, and highlight the brow bone and inner corner of the eye to brighten.
    • Blend well to ensure there are no harsh lines between shades.
  • Eyeliner and Mascara: Creating the Perfect Eyes:
    • For eyeliner, start with a pencil or gel liner for easier control. Draw short strokes along the lash line and connect them for a smooth finish.
    • Apply mascara from the base of your lashes and wiggle the brush upward to add volume and length.

3.3 Defining Your Brows

  • The Basics of Eyebrow Shaping and Filling:
    • Identify the natural shape of your brows and pluck any stray hairs outside this shape.
    • Use a brow pencil or powder to fill in sparse areas, mimicking the direction of hair growth. Aim for a natural look by using light, feathery strokes.
  • Tools and Products for Brows: What Works Best:
    • Pencils are great for precision and creating hair-like strokes.
    • Powders offer a softer, more diffused look.
    • Brow gels can set your brows in place, adding thickness and color for a fuller appearance.

3.4 Lip Makeup Tips

  • Choosing the Right Lip Color: A Beginner’s Guide:
    • Consider your skin’s undertone when selecting lip colors. Warm undertones look best with warm shades, and cool undertones with cool shades.
    • Experiment with different finishes, such as matte, satin, or gloss, to see what complements your look best.
  • Application Tips for Long-Lasting Lipstick:
    • Exfoliate and moisturize your lips for a smooth application.
    • Use a lip liner to define your lips and prevent color from bleeding.
    • Apply lipstick with a brush for precision, and blot with a tissue to remove excess. For extra longevity, apply a thin layer of powder through a tissue and then apply a second coat of lipstick.

Mastering these application techniques will enhance your makeup routine, allowing for a more polished and professional look. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to experiment and find what works best for you.

Section 4: Makeup Styles and Looks

4.1 Daytime vs. Nighttime Makeup

  • Understanding the Difference: Techniques and Colors: Daytime makeup typically leans towards a more natural, subtle look using neutral shades to enhance features without appearing too heavy. Techniques are focused on creating a fresh, awake appearance. Nighttime makeup, on the other hand, allows for bolder colors, increased definition, and experimentation with textures like shimmers or glitters. The goal is to create a more dramatic effect suitable for low light conditions.
  • How to Transition Your Makeup from Day to Night: Transitioning your makeup can be as simple as adding a few key elements:
    • Intensify the eyes by adding darker eyeshadow, a thicker eyeliner, or additional mascara.
    • Switch to a bolder lipstick color or add a layer of gloss for extra shine.
    • Enhance contours and highlight to add dimension and catch the light beautifully in darker settings.

4.2 Special Occasions and Thematic Makeup

  • Creating Looks for Weddings, Parties, and More: Special occasions often call for specific makeup looks that complement the event’s theme or setting. For weddings, soft, romantic makeup using pastels or earth tones is common. Parties might invite glittery or smoky eyes and vibrant lipstick.
  • Experimenting with Colors and Textures: These events are the perfect opportunity to experiment with bold colors, metallics, and different textures. The key is to maintain balance; if you choose a bold eye look, keep the lips more subdued, and vice versa.

Section 5: Advanced Tips and Tricks

5.1 Contouring and Highlighting for Beginners

  • Basic Contouring Techniques to Enhance Your Features: Contouring involves using a matte powder or cream slightly darker than your skin tone to define and shape your face’s natural structure. Common areas to contour include the hollows of your cheeks, jawline, and sides of your nose. The goal is to create shadows that enhance your natural bone structure.
  • Highlighting: Where and How to Apply: Highlighter is applied to areas you want to emphasize or bring forward. Apply highlighter to the tops of your cheekbones, the bridge of your nose, the cupid’s bow, and the brow bone. This adds light and creates a contrast to the contoured areas, giving your face a sculpted appearance.

5.2 Blush and Bronzer: Adding Dimension and Glow

  • Choosing the Right Shades for Your Skin Tone: Select blush and bronzer shades that mimic your natural flush and the way your skin tans. For fair skin, soft pinks and light peaches are flattering. Medium skin tones look great in rich pinks and warm apricots, while deep skin tones can opt for bold berries and warm caramels.
  • Application Techniques for a Natural Look: Apply blush on the apples of your cheeks, blending upwards towards your hairline to create a natural-looking glow. Bronzer should be applied to areas where the sun naturally hits your face, like your forehead, cheeks, and the bridge of your nose, to add warmth and dimension.

These advanced techniques and understanding of different makeup styles will help elevate your makeup artistry, allowing you to create a range of looks from the most natural to the dramatically glamorous.

Section 6: Common Mistakes to Avoid

Overdoing It: How Much Is Too Much?

  • Finding Balance: One of the most common makeup mistakes is applying too much product. Whether it’s foundation, blush, or eyeshadow, over-application can lead to a heavy, unnatural look. The key is to start with a small amount; you can always build up if needed. Remember, makeup is meant to enhance your features, not mask them.

Mismatched Foundation and Other Makeup Faux Pas

  • Foundation Match: Ensuring your foundation matches your skin tone and undertone is crucial. A mismatch can lead to your face looking a different color from the rest of your body, creating an unnatural appearance. Always test foundation on your jawline in natural light and blend well into your neck.
  • Blending: Poorly blended makeup, especially eyeshadow and contour, can look harsh and unflattering. Invest time in blending for a seamless, natural finish.
  • Ignoring Eyebrows: Eyebrows frame the face; neglecting them can throw off the balance of your makeup look. Even a quick brush through with a tinted gel can make a difference.

Section 7: Keeping Your Makeup Fresh

Tips for Long-Lasting Makeup Throughout the Day

  • Primer Is Key: A good primer can significantly extend the wear of your makeup by creating a smooth base that enhances product adherence.
  • Setting Products: Use a setting powder or spray after applying your makeup to lock it in place and reduce the need for touch-ups.
  • Blotting Papers: For oily skin types, blotting papers can be a lifesaver. They remove excess oil without disturbing your makeup.

When to Toss: Understanding Makeup Expiry Dates

  • Expiration Dates: Like food, makeup has an expiration date, after which it’s best to throw it out to avoid skin irritation or infections. As a general rule:
    • Mascara and Liquid Eyeliner: 3-6 months
    • Liquid Foundation and Concealer: 6-12 months
    • Powders and Shadows: 1-2 years
    • Lipsticks and Lip Glosses: 1-2 years
  • Monitoring Changes: Be mindful of changes in texture, smell, or color in your makeup, as these can be indicators that the product has gone bad.

By avoiding common mistakes and practicing good hygiene with your makeup, you’ll ensure not only the longevity of your makeup look but also the health and safety of your skin.

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